Prostate cancer is a type of cancer that is common in men. Usually prostate cancer develops slowly and is limited to the prostate gland. At first the cancer did not cause serious damage. However, some types of prostate cancer are aggressive and can spread quickly, requiring treatment.
Prostate cancer is the second most common cause of all cancer-related deaths among men. About 1 in 7 men will be diagnosed with the disease in a lifetime. In addition, about 1 in 39 men will die from this cancer. Most of these deaths occurred in older men.
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Risk Factors for Men Experiencing Prostate Cancer
Some of the risk factors for prostate cancer that occur in men are smoking, age, or family history.
1. Older Age Men
Prostate cancer is rare in men under 40 years. The risk of prostate cancer increases rapidly after men reach 50 years of age. About 6 in 10 prostate cancers are found in men over 65 years.
2. Specific Race or Ethnicity
Prostate cancer is faster in African-American men and Caribbean men of African descent than in men of other races. When cancer develops in men, it usually tends to be younger. Prostate cancer is less common in Asian-American and Hispanic / Latino men than non-Hispanic whites.
3. Geographical Factors
Prostate cancer is commonly experienced by men who live in North America, Northwest Europe, Australia and in the Caribbean islands. This cancer is less common in men in Asia, Africa, Central America, and South America. It is not certain what the reason is. Perhaps due to factors such as differences in lifestyle (diet and so on).
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4. Family History
Some cases of prostate cancer may be hereditary or genetic. If a person has a father or brother with prostate cancer, he or she has twice the risk of developing it. The risk is much higher for men with multiple affected relatives, especially if the siblings were young when cancer was discovered.
5. Changes in Genes
Some inherited gene changes (mutations) appear to increase a person’s risk of prostate cancer. Even so, it may only be a fraction of the total cases.
Prevent Prostate Cancer Early
Actually there is no sure way to prevent this condition. It’s just that a healthy diet plays an important role as a preventive measure for prostate cancer. Here are tips you can do to prevent prostate cancer:
- Avoid junk food , replace it with vegetables and fruit. The nutrients and vitamins contained in fruits and vegetables can lower the risk of prostate cancer. Green vegetables have compounds that help the body break down prostate cancer-causing substances called carcinogens.
- Consume soy and green tea. Consuming a glass of green tea every morning is a good start to prevent prostate cancer. Foods that contain soy are also active and effective in preventing cancer.
- Drinking coffee regularly every morning can reduce the chance of prostate cancer. However, also pay attention to the amount of coffee intake, don’t overdo it. The recommended coffee is coffee that is boiled, not instant coffee, and use enough sugar.
- Replace animal fat with vegetable fat. There is a significant relationship between consumption of animal fats with an increased risk of prostate cancer.
- Regular exercise, because being overweight or obese is also associated with an increased risk of aggressive prostate cancer. For that, regular exercise can help maintain a healthy body weight and prevent the risk of prostate cancer.