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Vaginitis

Watch out, these are complications of vaginitis that you need to know

– Basically, the female sex organs have the ability to clean themselves. However, that does not mean that the vagina is always free from health problems. Remember, many diseases or health complaints can attack this organ, one of which is vaginitis.

Vaginitis is an infection or inflammation that occurs in the vagina. Complaints experienced by sufferers, such as the appearance of abnormal vaginal discharge, irritation, or itching in the vaginal area. Not only that, vaginitis can also make sufferers feel sick when having sex or urinating.

Things that need to be emphasized, you should not underestimate this condition. The reason is, vaginitis that is left untreated can cause various complications for people with it. So, what are the complications of vaginitis that need to be watched out for?

Is it true that diabetes can cause vaginitis?

Can be caused by various factors

Before answering the questions above, it’s good to get acquainted with the culprit of this disease first. In most cases, vaginitis is caused by a bacterial infection. However, there are also several conditions that can trigger vaginitis, such as:

Irritation. The irritation of the vagina can be caused by chemicals. For example, ingredients in soap, condoms that can trigger allergies, or clothing fragrances.

Wash. Washing the inside of the vagina can also be the cause. Especially if the soap is used inappropriately.

Yeast infection, due to the development of excess yeast in the vagina.

Vaginal atrophy. This condition is the thinning of the vaginal walls due to decreased estrogen levels. This hormone usually decreases after menopause.

Sexually transmitted diseases. For example, trichomoniasis, chlamydia, and genital herpes.

Engaging in unsafe sex practices , such as not using condoms.

Well, vaginitis is divided into several types. When it is caused by bacteria, it is known as bacterial vaginosis . In addition, there is mixed vaginitis (mixed vaginitis). Mixed vaginitis is caused by at least two different infectious agents, and both of them contribute to symptoms.

Data show that about 20-30 percent of women with BV are coinfected with candida and about 60% -80% of women with BV are coinfected with trichomoniasis. Vaginal candidiasis is an infection caused by a rogue fungus called Candida . This fungus can attack various organs, one of which is the vagina (vulvovaginal candidiasis).

Women who experience this condition can experience extreme vaginal itching, vaginal discharge, and swelling of the vagina and vulva. Tuh, makes you worry right?

 The symptoms are similar, this is the difference between vaginitis and cervicitis

Then, how do you deal with mixed vaginitis ? The way to treat this type of vaginitis must be to get rid of the two pathogens that cause it. The combination of metronidazole and intravaginal nystatin (ovules) is an effective and safe therapeutic option in the management of BV, trichomoniasis, vaginal candidiasis and mixed vaginitis. Of course, don’t forget to consult your doctor first. In addition, there are hormone replacement therapies when vaginitis is caused by a decrease in the hormone estrogen.

So, back to the headlines, what kind of complications of vaginitis can sufferers experience?

Pelvic Inflammation To Sexually Transmitted Infections

For those of you who still look down on vaginitis, you need to be anxious. The reason is, this disease can cause adverse complications if left untreated. Well, here are some vaginitis complications to watch out for.

● Pelvic inflammation. Pelvic inflammatory disease can attack the reproductive organs, reducing fertility.

● Pregnancy complications. Vaginitis in pregnant women can increase the risk of a baby born prematurely with various complaints.

● Infection after surgery. Bacterial vaginosis can increase the risk of postoperative pelvic area infections, such as cesarean section or hysterectomy.

● Sexually transmitted infections. Bacterial vaginosis can also increase the risk of sexually transmitted diseases, for example chlamydia.

 Consume These 4 Foods to Prevent Vaginitis

Can It Be Transmitted Through Sexual Contact?

Apart from bacterial vaginosis and yeast (fungal) infections, there is also one other type of vaginitis, namely trichomoniasis. Trichomoniasis is caused by the parasite Trichomonas vaginalis , which is generally transmitted through sexual contact. This parasitic infection can cause a yellow-green discharge and sometimes foam.

Then, how do you prevent vaginitis in people who are sexually active?

● Not having multiple sexual partners.

● Adopting safe behaviors, such as using condoms.

● Not sharing sex aids.

● Maintain vaginal cleanliness, avoid using feminine cleansers.

● Clean the vagina properly, use warm water, and wash from front to back.

● Wear cotton underwear that is not tight.

Want to know more about the problems above? Or have other health complaints? You can ask the doctor directly through the application . Through Chat and Voice / Video Call features , you can chat with expert doctors anytime and anywhere without needing to leave the house. Come on, download it now on the App Store and Google Play!

 

Reference:
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Accessed 2020. Vaginal Candidiasis.
Future Medicine. Retrieved 2020. Looking for appropriateness in the cure of mixed vaginitis: the role of fenticonazole as an empiric treatment.
Mayo Clinic. Accessed 2020. Diseases and Conditions. Vaginitis.
Mayo Clinic. Accessed 2020. Diseases and Conditions. Bacterial Vaginosis.
US National Library of Medicine National Institutes of Health. Accessed 2020. Intravaginally Applied Metronidazole Is as Effective as Orally Applied in the Treatment of Bacterial Vaginosis, but Exhibits Significantly Less Side Effects.
US National Library of Medicine National Institutes of Health. Accessed 2020. Mixed Vaginitis-More Than Coinfection and With Therapeutic Implications.
Philippine Obstetrical and Gynecological Society. Accessed 2020. Randomized, single-blinded comparison of efficacy, safety and tolerability of metronidazole 750mg-miconazole 200mg vaginal suppository vs. metronidazole 500mg-nystatin 100,000 IU vaginal suppository in the treatment of bacterial vaginosis, vulvovaginal candidiasis, trichomoniasis, and mixed vaginal infections.