Prolonged Hoarseness and Its Relationship to the Vocal Cords

, – For singers and voice actors, voice is a valuable asset they have. There are many ways you can do to keep your voice melodious. Just a little distraction can certainly hinder work.

But not only that, for everyone, a clear and not hoarse voice is an important factor in verbal communication . Disorders of hoarseness must be addressed immediately and do not become hoarse for prolonged or more than one week.

Sound is produced due to vibrations of the vocal cords which consist of two branches of muscle tissue in the shape of the letter V. These vocal cords are located in the larynx, namely the air passages that are located between the base of the tongue and the trachea. When speaking, the vocal cords fuse together and then air flows from the lungs through them, making the vocal cords vibrate. These vibrations produce sound waves that pass through the throat, mouth and nose, as a resonant cavity that converts sound waves into sound.

Hoarseness is not a disease, but a symptom that indicates a disturbance around the vocal cords. This disorder can occur due to an acute infection from a cold cough or sore throat or a more serious problem such as laryngitis , nodules, or vocal cord polyps.

So, what are the things that make the vocal cords have problems?

In addition to laryngitis, nodules. or vocal cord polyps that cause prolonged hoarseness of the voice, below can be causes of prolonged hoarseness:

  • Chronic cough.

  • Irritation of the respiratory tract .

  • Injury to the larynx or vocal cords.

  • Damage to the vocal cords.

  • The presence of a cyst or lump on the vocal cords.

  • Vocal cord cancer.

  • GERD ( gastroesophageal reflux ) disease .

  • Thyroid gland disorders.

  • Neurological disease, such as stroke or Parkinson’s disease.

  • Allergy.

  • Aortic aneurysm.

  • Cancer of the larynx, lung, thyroid, or throat.

Some habits can also cause disruption of the vocal cords, including:

  • Shout out.

  • Clearing his throat.

  • Heavy tone.

  • Sing with the neck voice technique .

  • Eating in a hurry or eating before bedtime causes stomach acid to rise up into the esophagus and makes you feel uncomfortable.

Prolonged Hoarseness Treatment

Treatment of hoarseness cannot be arbitrary, but we must first find out the cause. Addressing the root cause will bring the sound back to normal. If the hoarseness is still light and hasn’t lasted long, then there are some simple treatments that can be done to relieve it, namely:

  • Drink lots of water.

  • Vocal rest or rest the vocal cords for several days by reducing speech.

  • Avoid consuming caffeinated or alcoholic beverages.

  • Do not smoke.

  • Stay away from allergy trigger factors .

  • Use a humidifier to keep the airway open, making breathing easier.

  • Take lozenges.

If the above methods do not work, the doctor will definitely provide treatment according to the cause. When hoarseness is caused by laryngitis, the drug will be adjusted according to the cause of the laryngitis. For example, if the cause is allergies, the doctor will give allergy drugs.

It’s different if the problem is due to increased stomach acid, then a drug will be given to reduce stomach acid and you also have to maintain your diet, yes. If it is caused by polyps, it may be treated for polyps, cysts, or vocal cord nodules such as suggesting voice therapy or surgery, to remove the disturbing tissue.

Those are the things you must know about prolonged hoarseness. If one day you experience prolonged hoarseness or for more than a week, talk to your doctor immediately to find out the cause and get the right treatment. You can contact the doctor via the application anytime and anywhere via Chat, and Voice / Video Call. Come on, download the application on the App Store or Google Play right now!

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