, – Prostate cancer is a type of cancer that attacks men and develops in the prostate gland. Most of the sufferers are those aged 65 years and over with the most common symptom of urination problems. This type of cancer is not aggressive and develops slowly.
The prostate gland is a small gland located at the base of the bladder. The prostate is also part of the reproductive system and its position around the duct that carries urine from the bladder to Mr. P. The prostate functions as a producer of semen, which is the fluid that is released with sperm during ejaculation .
What Causes Prostate Cancer?
Genetic changes in the cells in the prostate gland are thought to be the cause of the appearance of prostate cancer. However, the cause of the mutation is not certain. There are several other factors that increase the risk of prostate cancer, namely:
- Increasing age.
- Have obesity.
- A diet lacking in fiber.
- Chemical exposure.
- Suffering from a sexually transmitted disease.
- Have a family who has prostate cancer.
Also Read: These 4 Habits Increase Prostate Cancer Risk
Prostate Cancer Treatments that Can Be Done
It is important to remember, when new prostate cancer is detected and is in its early stages, doctors wait and monitor the development of cancer. Treatment will not be given immediately because early-stage prostate cancer treatment has side effects that outweigh the benefits.
However, during the surveillance period, the patient will undergo regular PSA tests and biopsy to detect signs of cancerous growth. If the cancer develops or progresses, there are several types of treatment, namely:
- Operation. This action can cure prostate cancer if it hasn’t spread beyond the prostate gland. This treatment step is done by cutting a part of the prostate gland. The goal of this surgery is to relieve or eliminate the symptoms of interrupted urination due to prostate cancer. The operation is accompanied by radical prostatectomy to remove the prostate gland and surrounding tissue.
- Cryotherapy. This treatment is performed in early stage prostate cancer. However, most doctors do not choose this treatment as the first step of treatment. This method uses a blow of very cold temperatures to freeze and kill prostate cancer cells.
- Radiotherapy. This procedure is performed at an early stage. This method uses radiation energy to kill cancer cells while the cancer has not spread beyond the prostate. Radiotherapy can be used postoperatively to kill any remaining cancer cells, relieve symptoms or pain, and slow the rate of cancer progression in advanced cases of cancer.
- Hormone Therapy. This method of treatment is combined with radiotherapy procedures. Hormone therapy before radiotherapy aims to increase treatment success. Meanwhile, hormone therapy after radiotherapy to reduce the chance of the cancer cells coming back.
- Cancer Vaccinations. This cancer vaccine works by encouraging the immune system to attack prostate cancer cells. This vaccine is consumed not to prevent cancer from developing, but to extend the life span of the sufferer for several months.
- Bone Medicine. If prostate cancer has spread to the bones, its spread can cause pain, fractures or high levels of calcium in the blood. This action aims to prevent or slow the spread of cancer to the bones.
- Treating End-Stage Cancer. End-stage prostate cancer is no longer curable. Treatment is only to slow development, prolong life, and relieve symptoms.
Also Read: Before It’s Too Late, Get To Know 3 Ways To Prevent Prostate Cancer
So, those are some steps to treat prostate cancer. If you are still curious and want to know more about the type of cancer that often attacks this man, just ask the doctor directly by using an application . Use the Call , Chat , or Video Call feature to discuss and ask for health advice from a doctor. Come on, download the application now on the App Store and Google Play!