Ambiguous Genitalia

Is There Any Treatment for Ambiguous Genitalia?

, – The sex consists of male or female, but when the baby has sexual development disorders, it is called ambiguous genitalia or disorders of sex development (DSD). This condition causes the baby’s genitals to be unclear. In babies who have this condition, the genitals are not fully formed so that the baby has male and female genital signs.

Not only that, but the external genitals may not match the internal genital organs or the sexual chromosomes of the baby. Ambiguous genitalia does not endanger the life of the baby, but keep in mind that it can cause social problems. This affects their identity in society.

Also Read: The Importance of Taking Care of Pregnancy to Avoid Ambiguous Genitalia

Is There Any Way To Treat This Condition?

Of course there is. How to deal with this condition by doctors performing surgery on the baby. Because these disorders of sexual development are quite rare, surgery is often performed involving doctors from various fields of specialization. Surgery aims to maintain the sexual function of the child, and form the external genital organs to make them look more normal.

In girls, surgery is aimed at helping to maintain sexual function later by improving the structure of the vagina. In boys, surgery is performed to improve the structure of the penis so as to maintain the erectile function of the penis as the child becomes an adult.

However, if ambiguous genitalia in infants is caused by hormonal imbalances and continues as the baby grows, the baby is given hormone therapy to balance their sexual hormones. Hormones are also given at puberty.

Not only physical treatment, children must be treated for their mental health by always having discussions with a child psychologist . Talking with a child psychologist is now easy to do, just download the application . In addition, it is recommended that parents do not direct their children to grow up to be male or female, so that the sex of the child can be determined with certainty at the time of diagnosis by a doctor.

Also Read: 4 Medical Conditions That Allow Gender Surgery

Causes of Ambiguous Genitalia

This disease can occur due to hormonal imbalance during pregnancy, thus interfering with the development of the fetal sexual organs. This disorder causes a discrepancy between the appearance of the genitals from the outside of the baby with the internal sexual organs or sexual status genetically (XX or XY).

The causes of ambiguous genitalia in a fetus that has a female genetic structure include:

  • Chromosomal abnormalities;

  • Genetic disorders , such as congenital adrenal hyperplasia;

  • Exposure to male hormones during pregnancy

  • Tumors in mothers that trigger male hormone production.

Meanwhile, the causes of ambiguous genitalia in fetuses that have a male genetic structure include:

  • Chromosomal abnormalities;

  • Hereditary genetic disorders;

  • Abnormalities in the testes or testosterone;

  • Androgen insensitivity syndrome.

Also Read: Why Someone Can Be Asexual This is the explanation

Meanwhile, some of the possible risk factors for ambiguous genitalia, including a family history of medical conditions, are as follows:

  • Death in infancy of unknown cause;

  • Infertility , no menstruation, or excess facial hair in women;

  • Genital abnormalities;

  • Physical development disorders during puberty;

  • Congenital adrenal hyperplasia, which is a group of inherited genetic disorders that affect the adrenal glands.

If you want to know more about ambiguous genitalia, you can ask a specialist directly. Always pay attention to the condition of the newborn in order to avoid various health problems.