, – In early 2018, a surprising statement emerged from Interpol and the FBI (Federal Bureau of Investigation). Both state that pedophilia cases in Indonesia are the highest in Asia. Hmm, quite worrisome, right?
However, this statement was denied by the chairman of the Indonesian Child Protection Commission (KPAI) at that time. He said, there was no data that showed Indonesia as a country with the highest pedophilia cases. Even so, the KPAI confirmed that there were many cases of sexual crimes against children.
So, what can actually trigger a person to become a pedophile? Is it true that sexual abuse as a child can trigger pedophilia ? Here is the review.
Pedophilia, including mental disorders, is it true?
Still a mystery, looking from the background
Talking about the causes of pedophilia is actually somewhat complex. The reason is, until now the experts do not know the exact conditions or things that can cause pedophilia. At present there is only one possibility.
Some experts argue, this pedophilia is genetic or ‘inherited’ in the family. Even so, there are those who argue that pedophilia is a learned behavior.
The behavioral learning model shows that a child who is a victim or observer of inappropriate sexual behavior can imitate the same behavior. Those who lose social contact and normal sexual activity may seek satisfaction in ways that are less socially acceptable.
Apart from the two things above, the causes of pedophilia are often associated with a history of sexual abuse in childhood. Although not yet proven, sexual harassment is thought to be another potential factor in the development of pedophilia in a person.
There are studies that can look at sexual abuse as a child that is thought to trigger pedophilia. The journal is entitled “ The Neurobiology and Psychology of Pedophilia: Recent Advances and Challenges”, and “ Women don’t do such things! Characteristics of female sex offenders and offender types ”.
In the journal above, the researchers studied the characteristics of 111 perpetrators (all adult women) of sexual violence in the Netherlands between 1994 and 2005. As many as 77 percent of cases of sexual abuse against children, often abuse of a child is committed in collaboration with male partners. men. Here, the victim is seen as a substitute for a less desirable relationship.
Parents Must Be Alert, Pedophilia Targeting Children
Then, what about the background or life history of the actors above? So, the perpetrators of sexual violence (including sexual abuse of children) had experienced sexual neglect and abuse on average (31 percent), and had psychiatric or personality disorders (59 percent).
Sexual Violence in Children, Not necessarily Pedophilia
Perpetrators of sexual crimes against children are often accused of being pedophiles. In fact, only a psychiatrist can determine whether someone is a pedophile or not. Here, this psychiatric doctor performs a variety of examinations and a series of tests to make a diagnosis.
Then, what are the criteria generally shown by people with pedophilia? The following is explained according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5).
- Repetitive and intense sexual fantasies, urges, or behaviors that involve sexual activity with a prepubescent child (generally 13 years of age or younger) for a minimum period of 6 months.
- This sexual drive triggers or causes significant distress or interference in social functioning, work, or other important areas.
- The sufferer is at least 16 years old, and at least 5 years older than the child (victim) in the first category.
Here are 5 Ways to Keep Your Little One from Pedophilia
Want to know more about the problems above? Or have other health complaints? You can ask a psychiatrist or psychologist directly through the application . No need to leave the house, you can contact a specialist anytime and anywhere. Practical, right?