– Arrhythmia is a heart disorder that occurs when the organ beats too fast, too slow, or irregularly. This condition is caused because the electrical impulses that function to regulate the heart rate are not working properly. Therefore, you need to be alert if your heart beats faster than usual.
Also Read: Here Are the Types of Arrhythmias You Need to Know
Recognizing the Signs and Symptoms of Arrhythmias
In general, arrhythmias are characterized by a pounding feeling in the chest, faster heartbeat (tachycardia), slower heart rate (bradycardia), fatigue, dizziness, shortness of breath, chest pain, and decreased consciousness. There are several factors to increase the risk of arrhythmia symptoms, including:
An imbalance of electrolyte levels in the blood , such as potassium, sodium, calcium and magnesium. As a result, the conduction of electrical impulses in the heart is impaired and increases the risk of arrhythmias.
Side effects of drug consumption , including drug abuse.
Too much alcohol and caffeine consumption . Smoking habits also increase the risk of arrhythmias.
Thyroid gland disorders . For example, an overactive or underactive thyroid gland.
Obstructive sleep apnea , which is disruption of breathing during sleep. This condition increases the risk of bradycardia, atrial fibrillation, and other types of arrhythmias.
Have certain diseases , such as diabetes, hypertension, coronary heart disease, or a history of heart surgery.
Also read: Sudden death can occur due to arrhythmias
Diagnosis and Treatment of Arrhythmias
Arrhythmias should not be taken lightly because they have the potential to cause more serious complications, such as heart failure, stroke , and death. Therefore, you need to talk to your doctor immediately if your heart rate is different than normal, whether it’s faster, slower, or irregular.
The doctor will diagnose arrhythmias through an echocardiogram, electrocardiogram (EKG), heart weight training test, holter monitor, electrophysiology studies, and cardiac catheterization. In some doctors, arrhythmias can be diagnosed easily through a simple heart rate check.
After the diagnosis is established, the following are treatments to treat arrhythmias, namely:
Take medications, such as beta blockers, which can keep your heart rate at a normal rate. Anticoagulant drugs, such as aspirin, warfarin, rivaroxaban, and dabigatran can also be taken as directed by a doctor to reduce the risk of blood clots and stroke .
Installation of a cardiac trigger device and implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD). This tool is useful for maintaining a normal heart rate.
Cardioversion, performed if the arrhythmia cannot be treated with drugs. This method is performed by giving an electric shock to the person’s chest to make the heart rate return to normal. Cardioversion is performed in cases of atrial fibrillation arrhythmias and supraventricular tachycardia.
Ablation method, to treat arrhythmias of known causes. The doctor will insert a catheter through a vein in the leg. After the catheter manages to find the source of the heart rhythm disturbance, a small device that is placed will damage a small part of the heart tissue.
Is there any way to prevent arrhythmias? Of course there is, the key is to adopt a healthy lifestyle. Starting from consuming a nutritionally balanced diet, maintaining ideal body weight, managing stress, not smoking, limiting consumption of caffeine and alcoholic drinks, and exercising regularly.
Also Read: Here’s the Treatment Method for People with Arrhythmias
Those are the signs and symptoms of arrhythmia that need to be watched out for. If you have a heart complaint, don’t hesitate to talk to your doctor to find out the cause and get the right treatment. Without having to queue, now you can immediately make an appointment with a doctor at the hospital of choice here . Besides that, you can also download the application to ask the doctor directly.