, – Pneumothorax is a collapsed lung. Pneumothorax occurs when air leaks into the space between the lungs and the chest wall. This air pushes against the outside of the lung and causes it to collapse. Pneumothorax can occur completely or is called complete lung collapse or part of it is called partial lung collapse.
Pneumothorax can be caused by a blunt or penetrating chest injury , certain medical procedures, or damage from an underlying lung disease. Besides, it might happen for no apparent reason. Symptoms usually include sudden chest pain, shortness of breath and a racing heart. On some occasions, a collapsed lung can be a life-threatening event.
Treatment for pneumothorax usually involves inserting a needle or chest tube between the ribs to remove excess air. However, a small pneumothorax can heal on its own.
Get to know more about pneumothorax which can be fatal
Pneumothorax can be caused by:
Blunt or penetrating injury to the chest can cause lung collapse. Some injuries may occur during a physical attack or car crash, while others may accidentally occur during medical procedures that involve inserting a needle into the chest.
Damaged lung tissue is more likely to collapse. Lung damage can be caused by many types of underlying disease, including chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), cystic fibrosis, and pneumonia.
Broken Air Blisters
Tiny air blisters (blebs) can develop on the top of the lungs. These blebs sometimes burst allowing air to leak into the space surrounding the lungs.
A severe type of pneumothorax can occur in people who need mechanical assistance to breathe. Ventilators can create an imbalance in air pressure inside the chest. The lung can collapse completely.
In general, men are much more likely to have pneumothorax than women. The type of pneumothorax caused by a burst air blister is most likely to occur in people between the ages of 20 and 40, especially if the person is very tall and thin.
Risk factors for pneumothorax include:
The risk increases with the length of time and number of cigarettes smoked, even without emphysema.
Certain types of pneumothorax appear to run in families.
Have an underlying lung disease, especially chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
People who need mechanical ventilation to help with breathing are at a higher risk of developing a pneumothorax.
Know the Handling of Pneumothorax Based on Its Severity
Previously had a pneumothorax
Anyone who has had one pneumothorax is at a higher risk of having another pneumothorax.
Many people who have one pneumothorax can experience another, usually within a year or two of the first. Sometimes air continues to leak if the holes in the lungs don’t close. Surgery may be needed to seal air leaks.
The goal in treating pneumothorax is to relieve pressure on the lungs, allowing them to expand again. Depending on the cause of the pneumothorax, a second goal may be to prevent recurrence.
Men have a higher risk of getting pneumothorax than women, is it true?
The method for achieving this goal depends on the severity of the lungs and sometimes on overall health. Treatment options may include observation, needle aspiration, chest tube insertion, repair, or nonsurgical surgery.
If you want to know more about pneumothorax, you can ask directly . Doctors who are experts in their fields will try to provide the best solution for you. To do this, simply download the application via Google Play or the App Store. Through the Contact Doctor feature , you can choose to chat via Video / Voice Call or Chat .