, – It is undeniable that an unhealthy lifestyle has caused many health problems. One of these unhealthy lifestyles is reduced physical activity and unattended food intake. If allowed, gradually this will cause you to be overweight or obese .
Diet or adjusting the diet is one effective way to lose weight. Now experts have also found many healthy diets that can be tried, ranging from diets that prioritize fatty foods, replacing daily meals with vegetables and fruit, or adjusting meal times. All of these diet methods are actually okay to do, as long as we pay attention to our daily nutritional needs. The reason is, it is not impossible for someone to go on a diet that is too extreme and then endanger their own health.
Therefore, if you are on a diet, make sure your daily nutritional needs are still met. In addition, make sure you also recognize the symptoms of malnutrition that may occur, so you can prevent the condition from getting worse.
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Symptoms of Malnutrition Due to Extreme Diet
The following are some symptoms of malnutrition that you need to be aware of, so you need to change your diet or switch to a healthier diet method. Symptoms of malnutrition include:
- Lack of appetite for food and drink.
- Fatigue and irritability.
- Inability to concentrate.
- Always feeling cold.
- Loss of fat, muscle mass and body tissue.
- It is more prone to disease and takes longer to heal.
- Longer wound healing time.
- Finally, a person who is malnourished can even experience difficulty breathing and heart failure.
Treatment may need to be undertaken, but in some cases, malnutrition can have long-term effects. One of the mental conditions that can cause a person to experience malnutrition is anorexia nervosa . These mental health conditions can lead to severe malnutrition due to diets that are too extreme.
Immediately encountered discuss with your doctor if you or the person at the nearest having a body mass index (BMI) lower than 18.5 or above symptoms appear. BMI is a measure of whether you are at a healthy weight for your height. Your doctor can check for signs of malnutrition and perform initial treatment to treat this condition.
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Treatment Steps for Malnutrition Due to Extreme Diet
If a doctor diagnoses a person with malnutrition due to extreme diets, the doctor will create a treatment plan for him. She may also need to see a nutritionist and other health care providers such as a psychologist if the condition is related to an eating disorder.
Treatment will also depend on the severity of the malnutrition and any other underlying conditions or complications. Some of the treatments that can be done include:
- Continuous monitoring.
- Create a diet plan, which may include taking supplements.
- Treat certain symptoms, such as nausea.
- Treat any infections that may be present.
- Check for mouth or swallowing problems.
- In severe cases, a person may need:
- Spend time in the hospital.
- Gradually start taking in nutrients over several days.
- Receive nutrients such as potassium and calcium intravenously.
The person’s health care team will continue to monitor them to ensure that they are getting the nutrition they need.
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Anyone who begins to show signs of malnutrition or malnutrition should see a doctor for diagnosis and treatment. If extreme diets are the cause, he should immediately stop the diet program and switch to a healthier diet.