, – Couples who are dreaming of offspring must pay attention to a number of factors that can affect fertility. On the male side, the most important fertility factor is sperm quality.
Various medical problems can contribute to male fertility problems, such as problems with the hypothalamus or pituitary gland that can affect testosterone to produce sperm. Disease and age also affect sperm movement.
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The characteristics of healthy semen
In order to reach and fertilize an egg, the sperm must move, writhing and swimming through the woman’s cervix, uterus, and fallopian tubes. A large number of healthy sperm certainly makes it easier for them to reach the egg.
Please note that when a man ejaculates not only sperm but also semen comes out. What can be seen with the naked eye is semen. This water is a protective fluid and food for sperm. Sperm cannot live without semen.
Semen can be said as the vehicle for sperm to the egg, so that fertilization occurs. We can know the characteristics of healthy semen in which healthy sperm can also be contained. Here are the characteristics of healthy semen:
1. The quantity of semen
The hallmark of healthy semen is the amount released when a man ejaculates . Normal semen is at least 2-5 milliliters which is equivalent to one teaspoon each ejaculate.
Too little semen in ejaculation may make it more difficult for couples to conceive, because less sperm is available to fertilize an egg.
2. Forms of semen
Normal spermatozoa have oval heads and long tails that work together to move to reach the egg. The more sperm that have normal shape and structure, the more likely they are to be fertile. The shape of the sperm may be difficult to see with the naked eye. However, the normal form of semen is easily observed through its texture.
You will feel the texture of healthy semen, like a gel. However, once expelled the semen will start to melt within five to forty minutes.
3. The smell of semen
Apart from texture, healthy semen can also be identified by its aroma. Healthy semen has an odor, like chlorine or chlorine. Semen that smells fishy actually indicates low sperm quality, it could even be a symptom of an infection of the male genital organs or urinary tract.
4. The taste of semen
Healthy semen can also be identified by its taste. Normal semen has a sweet or bitter taste that is slightly sour depending on what a man is consuming. Semen with other tastes indicates poor quality and is unhealthy.
Men who consume natural sugars tend to produce a sweet taste of semen. Meanwhile, semen is bitter, usually because men consume animal products.
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How to produce healthy semen?
Here are some tips to improve semen quality or maintain semen health. Simple steps that can be taken include:
1. Maintain Ideal Body Weight
Excess weight is generally caused by an unhealthy diet. This is because, food can also affect the quality of semen and sperm. Several studies have also shown that an increase in body mass index (BMI) can lead to decreased sperm count and movement.
2. Apply a Healthy Diet
As mentioned above, what we consume determines the condition of our bodies. Too much consumption of fatty foods can affect sperm quality. Therefore, it is better to consume more fruits and vegetables rich in antioxidants to help improve semen health.
3. Limit Sexual Partners
Men who like to change partners are at high risk of contracting sexually transmitted diseases. Sexually transmitted infections, such as chlamydia and gonorrhea can cause infertility in men.
To protect yourself, it’s best to limit the number of sexual partners and use a condom every time you have sex. It would be preferable to have a monogamous relationship with an uninfected partner.
If you are suffering from one type of sexually transmitted disease, you should immediately see a doctor so that it is treated immediately. You can immediately make an appointment with a doctor at the hospital via the application . Easy right? Come on, download it now on the App Store and Google Play.
4. Managing Stress
Stress is a mental illness that can affect the work of our body systems, including affecting sperm quality. Stress can reduce sexual function and interfere with the hormones needed to produce sperm. That is why stress management is important to maintain a healthy body.
5. Exercise regularly
Exercise is a supporting activity to maintain body weight and refresh our bodies. Moderate physical activity can increase levels of antioxidant enzymes that can protect and improve sperm quality.
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6. Avoid Bad Habits
Smoking is one of the bad habits that many men do. In fact, smoking tends to affect sperm count. Apart from smoking, excessive alcohol consumption can also cause decreased testosterone production, impotence, and decreased sperm production.
Healthline. Accessed 2020. The 7 Step Checklist to Healthy, Fertile Sperm.
Mayo Clinic. Accessed 2020. Is a Home Sperm Test Useful?
Mens Health. Accessed in 2020. Signs Yours Semen is Healthy and Strong.