, – On December 24, 2019, it was reported that a religious foundation in Bandung was holding a mass circumcision. This activity was widely discussed because the foundation did not only hold mass circumcision for boys, but girls as well. The number of girls who registered was quite a lot, reaching 220 children. Launching from Vice, children who have undergone circumcision receive Rp.200,000 along with gifts and food.
This activity has come under fire from the World Health Organization. However, this religious foundation argued that circumcised women are included in religious teachings. So, is circumcision really necessary for girls? Here’s the review.
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WHO’s View of Female Circumcision
According to WHO, female genital mutilation is included in female genital mutilation (FGM). FGM includes procedures that intentionally alter or cause injury to a woman’s genital organs for non-medical reasons. This activity consists of procedures that involve removing part or all of the external female genitalia or other injuries to the female genital organs for non-medical reasons. Female genital mutilation is classified into 4 main types, namely:
Clitoridectomy , which is partial or total removal of the clitoris and in very rare cases, only the prepuce (the fold of skin around the clitoris) is removed.
Excision , partial or total removal of the clitoris and labia minora (folds in the vulva) with or without excision of the labia majora (outer folds of vulvar skin).
Infibulation , namely the narrowing of the vaginal opening through the creation of a closing seal. This seal is formed by cutting and repositioning the labia minora or labia majora with or without removal of the clitoris (clitoridectomy).
Other dangerous procedures for non-medical purposes, such as stabbing, slicing, scraping and burning the genital area.
This practice is mostly practiced by traditional circumciser who often plays a central role in society. In fact, WHO urges health professionals not to carry out such procedures. According to WHO, female circumcision has no health benefits and risks causing heavy bleeding and urination problems .
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Women who perform circumcision are also at risk of developing cysts , infections, and complications in childbirth and an increased risk of newborn death. FGM is also thought to remove and destroy normal healthy female genital tissue which poses a risk of disrupting the natural functions of a girl’s body. In general, the above risks increase with the severity of the procedure.
So, is it still permitted in Indonesia?
The Ministry of Health has actually issued the 2014 Minister of Health Regulation. The regulation states that female circumcision is not based on medical indications and has not been proven to be beneficial to health. However, because traditionally female circumcision is still often practiced in Indonesia, the Ministry of Health urges female circumcision to pay attention to the safety and health of the object being circumcised, and not to mutilate female genitals.
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So, whether or not circumcision of girls in Indonesia is actually still in the gray limit. In essence, these activities are not recommended because they have no clear medical purpose and do not bring health benefits. So, if you have other questions regarding this matter, you can discuss it further with your doctor . Through the application, you can contact a doctor anytime and anywhere.