– Hypertension and type 2 diabetes are both aspects of the metabolic syndrome, a condition that includes obesity and disorders of the cardiovascular system. Both hypertension and type 2 diabetes can have the same cause.
Both also have multiple risk factors and contribute to the worsening of one another’s symptoms. In other words, it turns out that these two health problems are related to one another. Check out the discussion below!
Identifying Hypertension and Type 2 Diabetes
Hypertension is often referred to as the silent killer because many people do not know if they have this disease. Often times, these health problems are identified when the doctor checks blood pressure.
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Blood pressure is said to be normal if the results of blood pressure measurements show the number 120/80 mmHg. Stage 1 hypertension is indicated by the results of blood pressure checks of 130–139 / 80–89 mmHg. Stage 2 hypertension is indicated by a test result of 140/90 mmHg or more.
Meanwhile, a hypertensive crisis occurs when a blood pressure check shows a result of more than 180/120 mmHg. This condition indicates that the sufferer must get medical attention immediately. Know the symptoms by asking the doctor directly through the application .
On the other hand, diabetes often occurs followed by symptoms of rapid thirst, frequent urination and increased frequency of urination at night, body fatigue, and blurred vision. Other signs, such as the body is prone to infection and sometimes take longer to heal.
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The blood glucose level after fasting for 8 hours is considered normal if it is less than 100 mg / dL. Meanwhile, prediabetes shows blood sugar levels between 100–125 mg / dL, and diabetes if blood sugar levels are 126 mg / dL or even more.
Type 1 diabetes tends to appear during childhood or adolescence, but it can occur in adulthood. This condition occurs because the body’s immune system attacks the cells in the pancreas that produce insulin, so there is no way to avoid this disease.
Meanwhile, type 2 diabetes takes longer to develop, and most people don’t realize that the body has this condition until they have their blood sugar checked. Then, gestational diabetes is often experienced by pregnant women in the second trimester.
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Then, what is the connection?
The study, published in Current Atherosclerosis Reports, proves that hypertension and diabetes often co-occur and will have several causes. These include obesity, inflammation, oxidative stress, and insulin resistance.
Then, can diabetes cause hypertension? It can. A person with diabetes does not have enough insulin to process glucose or their insulin cannot work properly. As a result, glucose cannot enter the cells to provide energy and instead accumulates in the blood.
When blood with high glucose levels flows throughout the body, it is possible to cause widespread damage, including blood vessels and kidneys. Unfortunately, these organs play an important role in maintaining healthy blood pressure, and the damage will increase the risk of an increase in blood pressure which can lead to further complications.
Conversely, can hypertension cause diabetes? The meta-analysis study published in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology looked at data from 4 million adults. The result, it is said that people with high blood pressure have a high risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
This condition may be associated with processes in the body that affect both conditions, such as inflammation.
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