, – When talking about cholesterol, our minds usually go straight to a variety of health problems, especially heart disease. Even though one substance is often considered “bad”, the body actually still needs cholesterol in order to carry out its functions properly.
In short, cholesterol has various benefits for the body, but if the levels are excessive it can actually threaten health. Well, here are things you need to know about this one substance.
1. Important Role for the Body
Cholesterol is a fatty compound produced by various cells in the body. About a quarter of the cholesterol produced in the body is produced by liver cells.
Cholesterol is divided into two types, namely low-density lipoproteins (LDL or bad cholesterol) and high-density lipoproteins (HDL or good cholesterol). Both are needed by the body to carry out their functions. However, ideally, LDL levels in the body should not be high.
Low levels of good cholesterol in the body, what are the dangers?
So, what are the benefits of cholesterol for the body? This compound plays a role in forming healthy cells, producing a number of hormones, helping the production of bile in the liver, and producing vitamin D.
Well, these four things depend on the presence of cholesterol in the body. Remember, although it plays a vital role in our body, excessive cholesterol intake can threaten the health of the body.
2. Watch the Causes of High Cholesterol
There are various serious conditions that can be triggered by high cholesterol , for example various diseases of the heart such as angina to coronary heart disease, heart attack, or stroke . Then, what are the causes of high cholesterol that we should be aware of?
According to the Indonesian Ministry of Health – Directorate General of Disease Prevention and Control, high cholesterol can be caused by:
- The habit of eating unhealthy foods (high in saturated fat). For example egg yolks, butter, biscuits, cheese, cream, or coconut milk.
- Drinking too much alcohol.
- Lack of exercise or activity.
- Smoking habit.
- Have certain diseases, such as hypertension, diabetes, underactive thyroid gland (hypothyroidism), liver disease, and kidney disease.
- Increasing age. As you get older, the risk of high cholesterol that triggers atherosclerosis is also greater.
Watch out! High Cholesterol Triggers Various Diseases
3. Routine Measure Cholesterol Levels
What about the symptoms of cholesterol disease? Generally, this condition does not cause symptoms. That is why this disease is known as the “ silent killer” because it is often not realized.
The high cholesterol content is often not felt, but the effects are deadly. Usually, a person only realizes that he has high cholesterol when serious complications arise, such as heart disease.
Well, here is the importance of checking cholesterol regularly. Cholesterol checks need to be done regularly and as early as possible. According to the American Heart Association , blood cholesterol levels should be checked every 5 years after a person turns 20.
However, if the cholesterol level in the body exceeds 200mg / dL, then a cholesterol check should be done every 3 months until the levels return to normal. If your cholesterol levels are normal, then you can check your cholesterol at least once a year.
Experts at the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute recommend that a teen cholesterol test be divided into two. First between the ages of 9 and 11 years, and then cholesterol tests performed between the ages of 17 and 21 years.
Doctors will usually recommend that cholesterol tests be carried out more regularly if the child has conditions, such as:
- Have a family history of coronary artery disease.
- Have obesity, diabetes, or hypertension.
- Adopting a high-fat diet.
- Rarely exercise and often eat unhealthy foods.
Also read : Having high cholesterol, consume these 10 foods
Want to know more about cholesterol? Or have other health complaints? You can ask the doctor directly through the application . No need to leave the house, you can contact a specialist anytime and anywhere. Practical, right?