, – When a married couple is planning a pregnancy, it is not only the fertility of the woman that must be considered. Reproductive health from the male side is also an important thing to take into account. Now, to measure the level of male fertility, sperm health is the benchmark.
Unfortunately, not all men are born with healthy sperm. There are many factors that influence male fertility. So, you can consider steps to help improve sperm quality to reach the goal.
Is it true that pregnancy is determined by the amount of sperm?
So, what determines sperm health?
Well, there are several factors to determine whether a man’s sperm is healthy or not, including:
Quantity. A man is declared fertile if the semen that is released in a single ejaculation contains at least 15 million sperm per milliliter. Too little sperm in ejaculate makes it more difficult to get pregnant because there are less sperm available to fertilize an egg.
Movement Ability . To reach and fertilize an egg, the sperm must move, stretch, and swim through the woman’s cervix, uterus, and fallopian tubes. This is known as motility. A man is declared fertile if at least 40 percent of the sperm have the ability to move well.
Structure. Normal sperm has an oval head and long tail, which gives it good mobility. The more sperm that have a normal shape and structure, the more likely a man is to fertilize an egg.
In addition, there is a myth that thick sperm is a hallmark of healthy sperm. In fact, this is not always true. We recommend that you chat with doctors to get accurate health information.
Things to Know about Male Fertility
Is There a Right Way to Produce Healthy Sperm?
Launching from the Cleveland Clinic , you can take simple steps to increase your chances of producing healthy sperm, namely:
Quit smoking. If you want to improve sperm quality, the first step you can take is to quit smoking. Tobacco decreases the sperm count and makes the sperm have low mobility. Experts have found that exposure to cigarettes can damage DNA in sperm and put a man at risk of infertility and even cause a partner to miscarry.
Eat Healthy Food. To improve sperm quality, men should also avoid junk food and foods high in sugar, fat and preservatives. Eat a healthy diet such as always eating fresh and whole foods. Starting from fruit and vegetables rich in antioxidants, especially vitamins C and E which have a positive effect on fertility.
Avoid Alcohol. Basically alcohol does not directly affect sperm health. However, excessive alcohol and alcohol dependence can cause the body’s hormones to change. As a result, this condition causes many health problems.
Do not take testosterone supplements. Still from the same source, a man who uses testosterone supplements, either illegally as a performance enhancing drug or a doctor’s prescription, can interfere with fertility. Using testosterone shuts down the body’s natural hormone production, which then shuts down sperm production.
Avoid warm baths. When the body is tired, bathing with warm water can provide a sensation of relief in sore muscles. However, it’s best to avoid this habit even more because exposing the testicles to hot temperatures can cause fertility problems. The reason is that the testicles must be in cooler temperatures to stay healthy.
Maintain a Healthy Weight . Several studies have shown that an increase in body mass index (BMI) is associated with decreased sperm count and sperm movement. Do exercise regularly and adjust your diet to get the ideal body weight.
That is what can be done to produce healthy sperm. Remember, healthy sperm can increase the chances of producing offspring.
Cleveland Clinic. Accessed 2019. Things You Can Do to Keep Your Sperm Healthy.
Mayo Clinic. Accessed 2019. Healthy Sperm: Improving Your Fertility.
NHS UK. Accessed 2019. Low Sperm Count.