, – Both men and women have sex hormones. This hormone functions to regulate secondary sexual characteristics, such as sperm production and testicular development in men, as well as breast growth and the menstrual cycle in women. However, a person can also experience hypogonadism, which is a condition when these sexual hormones are below normal levels.
This condition can cause various kinds of sexual problems, from decreased sexual desire to infertility. Therefore, hypogonadism should not be left alone. Find out more about treatment methods for hypogonadism here.
The function of the hormone testosterone for men and women
Based on the cause, hypogonadism can be divided into two types, namely:
- Primary Hypogonadism
The condition of decreased sexual hormones can be categorized as primary hypogonadism if it is caused by damage to the gonads or sexual glands.
- Secondary Hypogonadism
Meanwhile, secondary hypogonadism is caused by damage to the glands around the brain, namely the pituitary (pituitary) and hypothalamus. These glands are responsible for sending signals to the sexual glands to produce sexual hormones.
Hypogonadism should not be underestimated because it can reduce your sexual quality and cause a number of complications, including decreased sexual desire, erectile dysfunction , growth problems in Mr. P, and infertility.
However, you also don’t need to worry if you have hypogonadism, because there are several ways of treatment that can be done to overcome this sexual problem:
In men with men, hypogonadism can be treated by doing testosterone replacement therapy (TRT) to cover the amount of the hormone testosterone that is lacking. TRT is performed by administering artificial testosterone, which is usually in the form of:
Testosterone gel can be applied to the upper arms, shoulders, thighs, or armpits. Make sure the gel is absorbed well before you shower.
TRT can also be injected into a muscle.
By taking TRT in tablet form, testosterone can be absorbed into the bloodstream through the digestive tract.
However, there are some side effects of testosterone replacement therapy that you should know about, namely increasing the risk of experiencing sleep apnea , enlarged breasts, enlarged prostate , reduced sperm production, and the formation of blood clots in blood vessels. Recent research has also shown that TRT can increase the risk of heart attack. So, the use of TRT should be done with regular monitoring from a doctor.
6 Ways to Overcome Testosterone Deficiency in Men
Whereas in women with patients, hypogonadism treatment can be done with estrogen replacement therapy:
4. Pills or patches
Estrogen replacement therapy in the form of pills or patches is recommended for women who have had a hysterectomy or surgical removal of the uterus.
5. Combining the hormone estrogen and progesterone
Whereas in women who have never had a hysterectomy, estrogen replacement therapy can be combined with the administration of the hormone progesterone. This is to prevent uterine cancer due to excessive levels of estrogen in the body.
6. Combination of TRT and DHEA
For women who have low sex drive, the doctor will provide testosterone therapy in low doses and accompanied by the administration of the hormone dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA).
7. Inject hCG or FSH Pills
Meanwhile, for women who experience menstrual cycle disorders or have difficulty getting pregnant, doctors will give you injections of choriogonadotropin hormone (hCG) or pills containing follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) to trigger ovulation.
8. A number of other treatments
To treat hypogonadism caused by a tumor in the pituitary gland, the doctor will order a series of procedures, including administration of drugs, radiotherapy , or surgery to shrink and remove tumor cells.
Beware, These 9 Symptoms of Hypogonadism in Women
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