– Changes in the menstrual cycle, weight gain, decreased sex drive, sudden mood changes , and acne are some of the side effects of birth control injections. Actually this is a normal situation. Conditions to worry about are when you experience abnormal changes, such as worsening depression, decreased sexual ability, bone pain, vaginal bleeding, nausea, and vomiting. So what causes birth control injections to have side effects?
Why Can Injection KB Give Side Effects?
In fact, every contraceptive method has side effects, especially hormonal contraceptives. The contraceptive injection every three months is a form of hormonal contraception that contains progestin, a hormone that resembles the progesterone hormone produced by the ovaries.
Once injected, progestin has a thickening effect on the cervix, making it difficult for sperm cells to move towards the uterus. This hormone also prevents ovulation and makes the uterine wall unfavorable for a fertilized egg.
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Hormonal performance can have side effects on the body and mood , so there must be changes. As long as it wasn’t so annoying, this change could actually be handled normally. Following are the side effects of birth control injections and tips for handling you can do.
1. Changes in the Menstrual Cycle
Birth control injections can cause changes in the menstrual cycle, either being longer or shorter. At first use, there is prolonged menstruation, spots ( spotting ), then menstruation will become infrequent or stop altogether. About 40 percent of users stop menstruating after one year of use.
This is a harmless side effect, so nothing to worry about. Stopping menstruation does not mean that menstrual “dirty blood” has accumulated. Hormonal contraceptives suppress the thickening of the uterine wall which usually sheds in the form of menstrual blood, so that no “blood” has to be shed.
2. Weight Increase
The increase in body weight for injection family planning acceptors ranged from 1-2 kilograms per year. The reason is that the progesterone hormone in injectable birth control can increase appetite by affecting the appetite control center in the hypothalamus.
You can adapt by adjusting your diet by increasing the number of vegetables and fruits so that you can quickly fill up. Do not forget, schedule regular exercise so that your body weight remains at the ideal number.
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3. Can not immediately return “fertile”
Unlike the case with IUDs, implants, and birth control pills, injection birth control users must be a little patient when planning a pregnancy again. After the use of injectable birth control is stopped, fertility will return up to 10 months later or sooner.
One cannot predict how long it will take for fertility to return because the effect on each person is different. Meanwhile, users of IUDs, implants, and birth control pills can immediately return to fertility after removing the device or stop taking birth control pills.
This is quite reasonable because the effects of drug consumption have not been exhausted. If you want to plan a pregnancy, you should stop using injection contraceptives several months in advance. Still confused and need more accurate and reliable medical advice?
You can discuss pregnancy plans and fertility problems via the app ! To do this, simply download the application via Google Play or the App Store. Through the Contact Doctor feature you can choose to chat via Video / Voice Call or Chat .
4. Decreased sex drive
One of the ways the hormone progesterone works is to thicken mucus in the vagina. In addition, injections of progestins can convert carbohydrate-containing foods into fat, which is difficult to react to water.
This means that the more fat in the body, the less water will be in the body. This has an effect on the vagina becoming drier. This condition can cause pain during sexual intercourse.
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If left too long, it can cause decreased sexual desire. You can get around this condition by doing longer foreplay or using lubricants. If you and your partner are still uncomfortable, try to communicate one of them by trying several suitable sex positions. Creating a good mood before sex can also be a trigger for arousal.
5. Headaches, Breast Pain, and Mood Changes
The three effects above are side effects of hormonal changes after the injection of progestin into the body. In some women, mood swings and anger is more frequent than usual.
All of the above side effects, including dizziness, breast tenderness, lightheadedness, are not symptoms of any particular illness but are purely due to hormonal changes. Although it is quite common, not all injecting birth control users experience it. To reduce pain, you can take paracetamol. However, if it is very disturbing, consult a midwife or obstetrician.
6. Reduced Bone Density
According to a research journal published by The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists , use of injectable contraceptives for a long time can cause bone thinning.
In fact, this can lead to decreased bone density (osteoporosis). Even so, there will not be a risk of fracture. Supposedly, by maintaining the consumption of foods containing Vitamin D and calcium, the negative effects of this birth control injection can be minimized.
7. Acne occurs
Hormonal changes that occur due to injectable birth control can cause skin disorders, such as acne. The hormone progesterone can cause excessive secretion in the oil and fat glands on the face.
The effect, acne occurs as a result of clogged pores. To reduce the possibility of acne, keep your face clean by washing your face regularly before going to bed to remove any residue of make-up or dirt that sticks to it after activities. You can also use a natural mask such as lime, lemon, or rub in ginger slices to reduce inflammation.
* This article was published on SKATA