– Prostate cancer is a type of cancer that attacks the prostate, a small, walnut-shaped gland in men. This organ functions to produce healthy sperm and transport them. Usually, this cancer grows more slowly and attacks the prostate gland at an early stage. However, there are also types of prostate cancer that are aggressive and spread quickly.
Diagnosis of Prostate Cancer
Most prostate cancers are first diagnosed during a health screening. This test is recommended for men around the age of 50 years or earlier for men who do have a risk of prostate cancer. The prostate cancer tests are performed to confirm the diagnosis, namely:
Digital Rectal Test (DRE)
This examination is carried out in a specialist hospital or clinic. During the process, the doctor asks you to lie on your side, with your knees raised towards your chest. The doctor or nurse puts on gloves and rubs them in a special gel, then inserts a finger to examine the prostate which is located close to the rectum. This examination may feel uncomfortable, but it doesn’t take long.
Know the Difference between Prostatitis and Prostate Cancer
Prostate cancer test results are declared normal if the surface and size is smooth. If the size of the prostate is larger, there may be an enlarged prostate, and if the prostate feels hard, you may have prostate cancer. However, to be sure, the doctor usually asks you to do additional examinations.
The next prostate cancer test is the PSA test, a blood test that measures the amount of prostate specific antigen (PSA) in the blood. This antigen is a protein produced by normal cells in the prostate and by prostate cancer cells. It is perfectly normal to have a small amount of PSA in the blood, and the amount increases with age.
Increased PSA levels can be an indication of prostate cancer. However, not a few men with elevated PSA levels have no indication of this cancer. On the other hand, men with normal PSA levels were actually indicated for prostate cancer.
There is Blood when Urinating? Beware of Prostate Cancer Symptoms
If the DRE and PSA tests detect abnormalities in the prostate area, the doctor will recommend further tests to determine whether you really have prostate cancer. The next prostate cancer test is a transrectal ultrasound to evaluate the prostate. A small probe shaped like a cigar is inserted into the rectum. This probe uses sound waves to create an image of the prostate gland.
In addition to detecting the presence of prostate cancer, this transrectal ultrasound method can be used to measure the size of the prostate gland which can help determine the density of the PSA, as well as influence the choice of treatment that will be carried out.
Before It’s Too Late, Get To Know 3 Ways To Prevent Prostate Cancer
Those were some of the most common prostate cancer tests to detect whether someone has prostate cancer. You can ask for all the information in more detail and accuracy through the application . There are many specialist doctors you can ask about this disease. Don’t be shy, it’s easy and fast, you only need to download the application on your cellphone. Whenever you need a doctor’s advice, just click the application. Likewise with buying drugs, vitamins, and lab checks. All can be in the same application. Use it now!