One of the sexual diseases that attack women, bacterial vaginosis is an infection that occurs due to disruption of the normal flora balance in Miss V. What are the causes and factors that increase a woman’s risk of developing this disease?
Generally, the body has good bacteria which function to protect the body from bad bacteria that can cause infection. However, in people with bacterial vaginosis, the number of good bacteria in vagina is reduced, so it is unable to fight infection.
Bacterial vaginosis can be experienced by women of all ages. However, most of these diseases occur when women are in their productive period, namely 15-44 years of age. Bacterial vaginosis is a mild infection, but if left untreated it can cause sexually transmitted infections and complications during pregnancy .
It must be noted, Bacterial Vaginosis Can Cause Vaginitis
Caused by Overgrowth of Bacteria
The cause of bacterial vaginosis is an overgrowth of certain bacteria, which disturbs the natural balance of bacteria in vagina. There are two types of bacteria in vagina, namely good bacteria and bad bacteria. Good bacteria are Lactobacillus bacteria which function to limit the growth of bad bacteria, by maintaining a normal pH or acidity level of Miss V.
In addition, there are also bad bacteria, namely anaerobic bacteria. When the number of good bacteria decreases, anaerobic bacteria overgrowth, causing bacterial vaginosis. The exact cause of the disruption of the balance of bacterial growth in the vagina is not certain.
However, a number of factors are thought to increase a woman’s risk of developing bacterial vaginosis, including:
- Frequently changing sexual partners without using a condom.
- Decrease naturally in the Lactobacillus bacteria .
Must Know, This Is How To Diagnose Bacterial Vaginosis
Often Cause No Symptoms
Bacterial vaginosis often causes no symptoms. However, in some women, the main symptom of bacterial vaginosis is vaginal discharge. The discharge has a watery texture and is gray or white in color. The discharge also smells fishy, especially when menstruating or having sex with a partner.
In addition, there are other symptoms that may arise, such as vaginal discharge itching and pain, and burning when urinating. Immediately consult a doctor when experiencing these symptoms.
How to Prevent It?
The main step to prevent bacterial vaginosis is to maintain the balance of bacteria in the vagina. There are several ways that can be done to maintain the balance of these bacteria. One of them is not to flush or clean vagina with water spray, because it can remove good bacteria that protect vagina from infection. If these bacteria are lost, it increases the risk of bacterial vaginosis.
The next preventive step is to reduce the risk of vaginal irritation by:
- Avoid using scented soaps to clean the outside of Miss V.
- Use cotton underwear and don’t wash your underwear using harsh chemical detergents.
- Use sanitary napkins without fragrance.
- Prevent sexually transmitted infections. Have safe sex, for example by not changing partners, or by using a condom during intercourse.